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World War II: Atomic Bomb


Documents from the Truman library, Einstein’s letter to FDR, the scientists’ petition against use of the bomb, and the official bombing order will stimulate class discussion on whether the U.S. was justified in using the atomic bomb to end World War II. The broadsheets and timeline enhance student understanding of the events that lead the world into the Atomic Age. Historian: Michael J. O’Neal, adapted by Muriel L. Dubois. The contents of this Jackdaw feature:


  • Japan’s Push for Power
  • A Secret Project
  • Should America Use the Bomb?
  • Hiroshima and Nagasaki Destroyed

Timeline: 1931-1945

Historical Documents

  • Letter, Albert Einstein to President Roosevelt, 1939.
  • Anti-Japanese propaganda poster.
  • Ralph Bard memo on using the atomic bomb, June 1945.
  • Petition from scientists urging President Truman not to use the bomb, July 1945.
  • Truman journal entry on the bomb and his resolve to use it, July 1945.
  • Bombing order to Army Air Force, July 1945.
  • Truman letter to wife on negotiations at Potsdam, July 1945.
  • Statement by President Truman announcing Hiroshima bombing, August 1945.
  • Newspaper articles on Hiroshima blast, Japan’s surrender, and the end of the war, August 1945.
  • Cable, Senator Russell to President Truman, urging that Japan be dealt with harshly, and Truman’s response, August 1945.
  • Cable, Samuel Cavert to President Truman, expressing concern over atomic bombs, and Truman’s response, August 1945.
  • Resolution of Hiroshima, 1958.
  • Truman’s handwritten notes on the Nuclear Age, 1958.
  • Atomic bomb photo-poster.

Reproducible Student Activities

Price: $69.50



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