This Jackdaw is the appropriate reading level for upper elementary, middle school and high school students reading below grade level. It contains the same, ready-to-use, hands-on historical documents as the original, upper-level Jackdaw; most of the documents are actual-size replicas. The fully reproducible Broadsheets provide historical background for understanding the documents.
Share one of history’s most exciting and improbable true adventures with your students — the conquest of the mighty Aztec Empire by Cortés and his small army. In the savage battles, which gained the Aztec Empire for Spain, Cortés and his followers destroyed a magnificent ancient civilization. This Jackdaw presents the evidence of that civilization and describes the way in which it met its end. Your students will be intrigued by “Cortes’ plan of Tenochititlan” and other hands-on documents. Historian: Irene Nicholson, adapted by Muriel L. Dubois. The contents of this Jackdaw feature: Broadsheets
Timeline: A Period of Conquest — 1485-1547 Map: Hernán Cortés Expeditions — 1519-1535 Historical Documents
- Two Leaders
- Welcome Quetzalcoatl
- The Peace Ends
- The Spanish Try Again
Study Guide / Lesson Plan – Reproducible Activities
- Pages from the Codex Laud, Mexican folding book.
- Songs from the Florentine Codex, with translation.
- Dürer engraving of Hernán Cortés’ plan of Tenochtitlán.
- Poster: Mexican gods and temples.
- Pages from the Codex Mendoza.
- Pages from the Lienzo de Tlaxcala.
- Page: Díaz del Castillo’s True History of the Conquest of New Spain, translation.
- Pages of letter from Hernán Cortés to Emperor Charles V, translation.
- Maya stone lintel depicting a religious penance.
- Illustrations showing instructions given to Mexican children.